Jiangshan city is in the border area between Zhejiang, Fujian and Jiangxi provinces. It is a gateway to southwest Zhejiang and one of the sources of Qiantang River. It was established as a county during the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and launched as a county-level city in 1987.
Covering 2,019 square kilometers, Jiangshan governs 11 towns, five townships, three sub-districts, 292 villages and 13 communities, with a population of 614,000.
In 2017, local GDP reached 30.16 billion yuan ($4.33 billion), a year-on-year increase of 7.3 percent; the district’s output value of industries above a designated size was 32.45 billion yuan, up 11.8 percent; total fiscal revenue increased 4.6 percent year-on-year to 2.52 billion yuan; general public budget revenue exceeded 1.66 billion yuan, up 8.6 percent based on the same scale; retail sales of consumer goods totaled 12.65 billion yuan, up 11.2 percent; disposable income per capita of urban and rural residents was 41,545 yuan and 21,932 yuan, up 9.1 percent and 9.9 percent.
As an old industrial base and one of the first 20 pilot spots in an industrial upgrading plan for Zhejiang province, Jiangshan has set up a provincial economic development zone and two function areas in Sidu and Xiakou towns, which cover about 80 sq km, in which to develop industrial clusters.
The key industries in Jiangshan include door, equipment manufacturing, health and fire emergency equipment. Emerging industries like renewable energy and new materials are booming in the city.
As an excellent tourism city in China, Jiangshan is home to Jianglang Mountain, the only world natural heritage site in the Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai region. It has one national 5A-level scenic area (Jianglang Mountain-Nianbadu Tourist Area, including Jianglang Mountain, Qingyang village, Nianbadu ancient town), two national 4A-level tourist attractions (Xianxia Pass and Fugai Mountain), 12 national 3A-level scenic spots, ranking high among counties, districts and county-level cities in Zhejiang.
In 2017, Jiangshan received more than 15 million visits, generating tourism revenue of 9.53 billion yuan, up 20.9 percent and 26.3 percent year-on-year. Therefore, it was ranked as a powerful city for its tourism economy.
The forest coverage rate of Jiangshan is 70.8 percent. There is a State-level forest park and two provincial nature reserves. The water storage capacity of Wanyao, Xiakou and Baishuikeng reservoirs is 470 million cubic meters. The quality of all outbound water, surface water for function areas in Jiangshan Port and centralized drinking water sources are up to standard.
The “mother river” of Jiangshan, Xujiang River, runs through the city. The area designed for urban planning is 286 sq km and 17.5 sq km have been built up. Its green space rate has reached 43.28 percent. With an urban population of 169,000, Jiangshan’s urbanization rate hit 51 percent.
Jiangshan has prominent geographical advantages, such as the Hangzhou-Changsha high-speed railway, the Huangshan-Quzhou-Nanping expressway and the Zhejiang-Jiangxi railway which run through the city. It has convenient transport channels with Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou and Ningbo, and houses a railway freight yard boasting the largest freight volume in west Zhejiang.
At present, 52 trains running on the Hangzhou-Changsha high-speed rail line start or stop over in Jiangshan, including those departing from Jiangshan to Beijing, Shanghai and Hangzhou. It is also China’s first county-level city to have high-speed trains heading for Beijing.
Jiangshan has a long history and has cultivated its unique culture featuring Qingyang village, the home of Mao Zedong's ancestors, Jianglang Mountain, the ancient Xianxia pathway and Nianbadu ancient town as well as local folk songs.